My Story and How Adding “Gentle Carbs” Changed My Health
At the beginning of this year, I gave you all an update on the 7 healthy habits I started in the fall of 2013. That included cutting way back on carbs.
I’d heard about all the benefits-including weight loss, reduced cravings, a clear mind, less inflammatory response, and more. You’ve heard them too, I’m sure. So excited to get started, I and adopted a strict low-carb, Paleo diet.
I felt amazing for the first year. I had so much more energy, clear skin, a lean body, and enjoyed better sleep. After the first year, though, I started to not feel so well.
I was having headaches and was exhausted all the time. I ran 7 miles a couple of times a week in Central Park, but I found myself dragging through the day. My fat loss had stopped like I had reached a plateau.
Worse, I started missing periods. When that happened, I got a little nervous-especially when it happened month after month. I went to my gynecologist, had some blood work done, and worked with a holistic nutritionist who helped me balance my neurotransmitters (which I later discovered could be messed up on a long term low-carb diet), but I was still exhausted.
My diet was free of sugar, dairy, gluten, caffeine, and soy, so I couldn’t figure it out.
What was the problem?
I Checked with My Doctor
I went back to my doctor and got a full checkup. Again, everything came back normal. I was confused; I was eating so clean, how could I feel so bad?
After reading one of her posts, I had a consultation with her. She shared with me that while we want to stay away from the bad carbs (gluten carbs, sugary desserts, white flour, pasta, etc.), not all carbs are equal.
While the Paleo diet accepts sweet potatoes (starchy carb), I had always avoided them thinking they were carbs that were not good for me. She helped me understand that a long-term, low-starch, low-carb diet (of the good kind) was causing more harm and hormonal imbalance that was good for me.
I learned that adding in some beets, carrots, fruit, sweet potatoes, squash, and even some rice would help me tremendously. (None of these were in my diet except some berries.)
“While some people do incredibly well following a low carb Paleo diet,” she says, “there are many people who crash and burn on this type of dietary plan.”
Turns out that my low-carb diet combined with my high cardio runs and stressful lifestyle were causing more stress and cortisol in my body. To help manage stress, I needed to give the body the energy it needed and avoid an additional stressor-which is what the low-carb diet had become.
A low carb diet does not work when there is adrenal fatigue. (Or to put in more modern terms: HPA axis dysfunction.)
Wow! What a revelation this was to me!
Why Low-Carb May Not be Right for You
According to Laura, there are seven types of people that may find low-carb diets to actually cause more health problems than they cure:
- Pregnant women: Laura says that pregnant women need carbs “to ensure adequate fetal brain development and growth” and “because a high protein diet can be dangerous during pregnancy.” When we eat low-carb, we usually consume more protein, and that can lead to problems for the baby.
- Women who want to get pregnant: Laura recommends pregnant women and women who want to get pregnant get 30 percent of their calories from carbs. Too few carbs may affect fertility, and hinder your attempts to get pregnant.
- Athletes: You probably already knew this one. Athletes who are training hard 4-6 days a week often need carbs. “While there are athletes who thrive on a well-planned low carb approach,” Laura says, “there are many others who do not.” If you find you’ve come to a plateau and can’t reach your weight or muscle-building goals, you may make better gains by adding some carbs back in.
- Those with hypothyroidism: If you’ve got a sluggish or underactive thyroid, you may have problems on the low-carb diet. (This was me!) The thyroid actually needs carbs to function correctly. The body uses insulin (which is released to metabolize carbs) to convert the inactive T4 hormone into the active T3 hormone. If you’re on a low-carb diet, your insulin is likely to be low, too.
- Those suffering adrenal fatigue: This is where your cortisol levels are out of whack, which causes symptoms like endless fatigue and frequent infections. The problem here is that a low-carb diet also stresses your system, and can cause more cortisol to be released into your system, making your condition worse.
- Those with irritable bowel syndrome or….A low-carb diet can reduce your supply of healthy probiotics, which feed the friendly bacteria in your gut. Without these probiotics, your immune system suffers, say nothing of your digestion. We have evidence that a low-carb diet can reduce the quality of the gut flora, which can cause all sorts of problems. These can be solved by intake of probiotic-rich foods (think yogurt and fermented foods) or with a supplement, or by adding some carbs back in.
- Those experiencing problems on the low-carb diet: This is the key point to remember. Your system is different from anyone else’s, and if you experience problems on the low-carb diet, like I did, trust yourself and realize that it’s time for a change. Some other symptoms you may experience include insomnia, skin disorders, decreased energy, mood swings, and abnormal menstrual function.
Other Evidence that Low-Carb May be Detrimental to Your Health
The problem is gluten and sugary carbs (un-gentle carbs) because they can cause inflammation in the body, which increases risk of a number of diseases, including heart disease and stroke.
Yet a strict, low-carb diet, composed of gentle carbs, can also stress the body. Research from the Arizona State University states that this sort of diet can cause “ketosis,” or the inability of the body to metabolize fat properly. While ketosis can be a good diet for some, it can also increase acid, may increase bone loss, and may cause bones to “leach” calcium.
This type of diet can also cause an increase in LDL “bad” cholesterol, and causes fatigue (like I experienced), especially in dieters who regularly exercise. Muscles get tired faster, as there isn’t enough carbohydrate stores to sustain them.
According to the ASU article, “The researchers note that when your body is not getting the nutrients it needs to function, your body goes into a state of stress, which causes systemic inflammation.”
So the very thing we were trying to correct with a low-carb diet-inflammation-actually can get worse while we’re on it.
Listen to Your Body
In the end, you have to listen to your body. If the low-carb diet is working for you, great! But if something doesn’t feel right, it’s time for a change.
That’s what I did, and I’m feeling so much better. I’m enjoying some healthy, “gentle carbs” which have helped lower my cortisol (which saliva testing showed was high). They’ve also helped return my GABA levels to normal. This article from Laura Briden (a naturopathic doctor) talks about how GABA, a type of neurotransmitter, reduces stress and keeps us calm, and that we need some gentle carbs for it to function correctly.
I started slow. At first, I added only sweet potatoes and bananas to my smoothies on the days I worked out. Slowly, I have come to enjoy baked sweet potato slices with coconut oil 4-5 days per week (yum!).
I also occasionally add rice to my vegetables and protein. I felt a huge change immediately after adding these starchy carbs. I was no longer dragging and my menstrual cycles have been normal for the last five months (sigh of relief).
Who knew I was suffering all these symptoms simply because I was missing starchy carbs?
Might you need to add a few starchy carbs back to your meals?
- sweet potatoes, squash, beets, turnips, carrots
- rice (when combined with protein, fat and vegetables, rice of any kind is low glycemic, just don’t have a bowl of rice on its own)
- quinoa and other gluten-free grains like buckwheat, barley, bulgur, and oats (I don’t personally eat these)
- fruits like green apples, berries, bananas
What do you think of the low-carb diet? Have you experienced problems? Please share your story.
Bilsborough SA, Crowe TC, “Low-carbohydrate diets: what are the potential short- and long-term health implications?” Asia Pac J Clin Nutr, 2003; 12(4):396-404, http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/14672862.
Sarah Dingle, “Low-carb diet may make you unhealthy, shorten your life: study,” ABC News, March 4, 2014, http://www.abc.net.au/news/2014-03-05/low-carb-diet-may-shorten-your-life-study-finds/5299284.
Christine Lambrakis, “Low Carb Diets May Stress Body Too Much,” Arizona State University, December 11, 2007, http://researchmatters.asu.edu/stories/low-carb-diets-may-stress-body-too-much-855.
Picture courtesy John Kasawa via freedigitalphotos.net.